In the 1st verses of Bereshit Genesis, God produces light and “there was night and early morning, the initial day.” (Genesis 1:5) The rabbis reasoned that when the Torah, this product of divine revelation, stated that the day that is first with night, that has to have been God’s intention, for “days” to begin with at sunset. Then when the sky is streaked with all the fading sunlight, in Jewish homes around the world, candles are lit, blessings are said and Shabbat is welcomed friday. As well as in synagogues, the Friday Ma’ariv solution starts with a number of hymns, Psalms, and blessings collectively referred to as Kabbalat Shabbat/ Welcoming the Sabbath.
A Kaddish said after learning in a group, in honor of our teachers in orthodox congregations, Kabbalat Shabbat consists of Psalms 95 through 99, Psalm 29, the hymn Lecha Dodi, Come my beloved, Psalms 92 and 93, a lengthy reading from the Talmud passages governing the Sabbath, placed here to separate Kabbalat Shabbat from Ma’ariv, and both the Mourner’s Kaddish and Kaddish de-Rabanan. The Talmud passages and the two versions of Kaddish may be omitted, often re placed by a half-Kaddish that separates the Kabbalat Shabbat from the Ma’ariv service proper in Conservative, Reform and Reconstructionist services. Continue reading